Looking forward, State of the economy 2019 and beyond.

An unbiased view on the global economy, stretching from Asia's continued economic expansion, protectionist policy in the U.S.A., the E.U.'s political challenges, unlocked growth potential in Africa and the search for human colonization of other planets.

This text is an extract of a larger work on the “State of the economy” by Fynamics:

2018 was not a good year for the Financial Sector, especially the fourth quarter. Globally speaking, also in 2019 mounting stress on trade between the U.S.A. and China didn’t improve the situation and dynamics in the world go on, just to name a few:

  • Economic center of gravity continues shifting rapidly from the West to the East. The proof is that low-wage Asian countries started distributing work from the West, to other Asian countries. This makes sense, as it optimizes the workload at continental level and improves cost-efficiency. The same continental optimization is happening since many year in Europe, with a shift from Central Europe to, for example Ireland, and East European countries. What is striking, is that we start to see in some cases, Asian companies outsourcing work back to Europe, e.g. India outsourcing to Portugal.  
  • An overdue recession creates uncertainty about the level of risk to take when making investments. Central Banks across the world, but mainly in the West, are keeping interest rates intentionally low, delaying a recession.
  • The Financial Sector, and mainly banks, are drastically re-positioning themselves to keep attractive balance sheets, but more importantly to remain competitive banks will have to re-invent themselves. 
  • Investments are being made, mainly by the East, in Africa. Africa has huge economic growth potential, that is yet to be unlocked. 
  • In Europe, the division amongst EU-members remains sizeable. Greece still has significant outstanding debt towards EU but tension in the EU is less than at the peak when Grexit was on the table, the 2015 migration crisis -still very relevant- divides the EU, the outcome of the Brexit reduces EU’s influence at macro-economic level. 

On a completely different note, the race started among elite private entrepreneurs to find other livable planets. The investment is definitely too soon and it is partially a prestige project, but nonetheless a lot will be learnt from it and will be used by the time we really need it. This is important, because at the exponential growth that the world population is growing -again mainly in the east- and with finite water and food supplies we will go through a few non-exclusive steps over the next decades:

  1. Optimization on how we utilize water and food supplies, i.e. less waste. This step is being applied since many year, but just looking at how much waste and under-utilization of the produced supplies there is, we can easily deduct that overall we have a long way to go.
  2. Apply innovative ways to produce more with less, and find alternatives to produce, for example, meat. Major advances have been made in this area over the last year, but we are not yet at the level where it can be proven to be a healthy sustainable solution for people, nor is the capacity there to scale-up the production. 
  3. Further global application of regulation with regards to birth-control, especially in overcrowded areas. It should be noted to take the lessons learned from Japan’s one-child policy into account, as it backfires in some aspects. 

By the time above options are exhausted, we will easily be 60-100 years further. 

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